Research

GEDC's research arm is GEAR: The Geriatric Emergency care Applied Research (GEAR) Network.

The GEAR Network seeks to improve the emergency care of older adults and those with dementia and other cognitive impairments through the identification of research gaps and to support the research and evaluation of these areas.

The GEAR Network

Manuscripts & Publications

Grants & Funding Opportunities

GEAR 1.0

Improving Emergency Care for People with Dementia

The Geriatric Emergency care Applied Research Network (GEAR) aims to establish infrastructure to support collaborative, interdisciplinary research to improve care for older adults.  Funded by the National Institutes of Health and other partners (grant #R33AG058926), GEAR brings together key stakeholders from emergency medicine, geriatrics, nursing, and social work as well as representing health care systems, clinicians, researchers, medical specialty organizations, advocacy organizations, caregivers, and, most importantly, patient representatives.

About GEAR 1.0

Research Priorities

Cognitive Impairment: Dementia

We have established five key research priorities and how to study them:

  1. Cognitive impairment
  2. Medication safety
  3. Elder abuse
  4. Falls
  5. Care transitions
Learn More

GEAR 2.0

Improving Emergency Care for People with Dementia

GEAR 2.0 – Advancing Dementia Care is a collaboration between the Yale School of Medicine, the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health (SMPH), Fienberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. All four institutions are home to an NIH-National Institute on Aging-designed Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center.

The goal of GEAR 2.0 is to improve emergency care for one of our most vulnerable populations – older adults with cognitive impairment. Gaining a better understanding of their medical condition and what their care wishes are, will not only help clinicians better evaluate and treat them, but provide them with discharge plans that will ensure they can go home safely.

About GEAR 2.0

Research Priorities

Cognitive Impairment: Dementia

People with dementia are twice as likely to use the ED and 1.5 times more likely to have an avoidable visit. When in the ED, they often struggle and are at greater risk of poor outcomes.

GEAR 2.0 has designed 4 work group topics to address issues relating to the emergency care of older adults experiencing dementia. These are:

  1. Communication and Decision Making
  2. Detection
  3. Care Transitions
  4. ED Practices

All GEAR 2.0 work groups will use the PICO approach to develop key questions and identify research gaps for their topic area. The work groups will conduct literature searches, summarize findings, extract conclusions and present findings at the consensus conference.

Learn More

GEDC's Research Faculty

Chris Carpenter

MD, MSC, FACEP, FAAEM
Bio

Dr. Chris Carpenter is dual-board certified in Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine and is Professor in Emergency Medicine at Washington University in St. Louis. His funded research interests include diagnostics, dementia, falls prevention, and implementation science. He is on the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine Board of Directors as well as the American College of Emergency Physicians Clinical Policy Committee. He is also Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Academic Emergency Medicine, Associate Editor of both Annals of Internal Medicine’s ACP Journal Club and the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. He co-led the collaboration to develop the American College of Emergency Physician/American Geriatrics Society Geriatric Emergency Department Guidelines As well as the International Standards for Reporting of Implementation Research (StaRI) reporting guidelines. He is also faculty for Emergency Medical Abstracts and Best Evidence in Emergency Medicine courses, as well as a contributor to Skeptics Guide to Emergency Medicine and Sketchy EBM.

Ula Hwang

MD, MPH, FACEP ( GEDC Co-PI )
Bio

Dr. Ula Hwang is Professor of Emergency Medicine and Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York and a core investigator at the GRECC (Geriatrics Research, Education and Clinical Center) at the James J. Peters Bronx VAMC. Her research focuses on improving the quality of care older adults receive in the ED setting that ranges from observational studies of analgesic safety and effectiveness in older patients to multi-centre implementation science studies of geriatric emergency care interventions.
Ula currently co-PIs the Geriatric Emergency Department Collaborative and is the PI on the Geriatric Emergency care Applied Research (GEAR) network.

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