Physical Evaluation

Falls Clinic Physical Evaluation

Postural Vital Signs

  • Orthostatic hypotension

Visual Acuity

  • Ambulatory evaluation


  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Peripheral edema
  • Arrythmias


  • Pain
  • Deformity

Feet and footwear

  • Bunions
  • Nail abnormalities


  • Focal signs
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Autonomic dysfunction

Mental Status

  • Cognition
  • Judgement

Gait, Strength, and Balance

  • Ambulatory evaluation


The office assessment should include orthostatic vital signs and a thorough examination as outlined above in an attempt to identify intrinsic risk factors that may be contributing to the patient’s fall risk.

Additional information on how to evaluate visual acuity, mental status, and gait, strength, and balance can be found on the following pages.