The 4AT test is another brief delirium assessment but is not based upon the CAM algorithm. The 4AT has 4 components:
A patient is assigned 0 to 4 points for each component depending on the degree of impairment. The points are then added to calculate a total score.
There are limited validation data in older ED patients, but one study has shown the 4AT to have excellent sensitivity and specificity. In older hospitalized patients, it similarly has been shown to have excellent sensitivity, but moderate specificity. Given the limited number validation studies, additional research is needed to fully characterize the 4AT’s diagnostic accuracy in older ED patients.
Additional details for the 4AT can be seen at www.the4at.com.
O’Sullivan D, et al. Age Ageing. 2018;47(1):61–68
Bellelli G, et al. Age Ageing. 2014;43(4):496–502
De J, et al. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017;32(12):1322–1329
Hendry K, et al. Age Ageing. 2016;45(6):832–837
4AT, test for delirium & cognitive impairment (Alertness, Age-birthdate-place-current-year, Attention, Acute change)
AMT4, Abbreviated Mental Test 4
CAM, Confusion Assessment Method
ED, emergency department.