Summary of the Updated American Geriatrics Society/British Geriatrics Society clinical practice guideline for prevention of falls in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011;59(1):148–157.
Allen SR, Krumrei N, Reilly PM. Epidemiology of injury in the elderly. In: Luchette FA, Yelon JA, eds. Geriatric Trauma and Critical Care. New York: Springer International Publishing AG; 2017:247–253.
Baraff LJ, Lee TJ, Kader S, Della Penna R. Effect of a practice guideline for emergency department care of falls in elder patients on subsequent falls and hospitalizations for injuries. Acad Emerg Med. 1999;6(12):1224–1231.
Bueno-Cavanillas A, Padilla-Ruiz F, Jimenez-Moleon JJ, Peinado-Alonso CA, Galvez-Vargas R. Risk factors in falls among the elderly according to extrinsic and intrinsic precipitating causes. Eur J Epidemiol. 2000;16(9):849–859.
Burns ER, Stevens JA, Lee R. The direct costs of fatal and non-fatal falls among older adults – United States. J Safety Res. 2016;58:99–103.
Carpenter CR. Evidence-based emergency medicine/rational clinical examination abstract. Will my patient fall? Ann Emerg Med. 2009;53(3):398–400.
Carpenter CR, Lo AX. Falling behind? Understanding implementation science in future emergency department management strategies for geriatric fall prevention. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(4):478–480.
Carpenter CR, Scheatzle MD, D’Antonio JA, Ricci PT, Coben JH. Identification of fall risk factors in older adult emergency department patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2009;16(3):211–219.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. STEADI – Older Adult Fall Prevention. 2019; www.cdc.gov/steadi/. Accessed June 3, 2019.
Close J, Ellis M, Hooper R, Glucksman E, Jackson S, Swift C. Prevention of falls in the elderly trial (PROFET): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 1999;353(9147):93–97.
Dalton T, Rushing MR, Escott MEA, Monroe BJ. Complexities of geriatric trauma patients. JEMS. 2015. https://www.jems.com/articles/print/volume-40/issue-11/features/complexities-of-geriatric-trauma-patients.html. Accessed June 3, 2019.
Davison J, Bond J, Dawson P, Steen IN, Kenny RA. Patients with recurrent falls attending Accident & Emergency benefit from multifactorial intervention–a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing. 2005;34(2):162–168.
Ganz DA, Bao Y, Shekelle PG, Rubenstein LZ. Will my patient fall? JAMA. 2007;297(1):77–86.
Grossman DC, Curry SJ, Owens DK, et al. Interventions to prevent falls in community-dwelling older adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2018;319(16):1696–1704.
Hendriks MR, Bleijlevens MH, van Haastregt JC, et al. Lack of effectiveness of a multidisciplinary fall-prevention program in elderly people at risk: a randomized, controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008;56(8):1390–1397.
Kahn JH, Magauran BG, Olshaker JS, eds. Geriatric Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press; 2014.
Liu SW, Obermeyer Z, Chang Y, Shankar KN. Frequency of ED revisits and death among older adults after a fall. Am J Emerg Med. 2015;33(8):1012–1018.
Matchar DB, Duncan PW, Lien CT, et al. Randomized controlled trial of screening, risk modification, and physical therapy to prevent falls among the elderly recently discharged from the emergency department to the community: the steps to avoid falls in the elderly study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;98(6):1086–1096.
Russell MA, Hill KD, Day LM, et al. A randomized controlled trial of a multifactorial falls prevention intervention for older fallers presenting to emergency departments. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(12):2265–2274.
Rosenberg MS, Carpenter CR, Bromley M, et al. Geriatric Emergency Department Guidelines. American College of Emergency Physicians, American Geriatrics Society, Emergency Nurses Association, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. 2013. https://www.acep.org/globalassets/uploads/uploaded-files/acep/clinical-and-practice-management/resources/geriatrics/geri_ed_guidelines_final.pdf.
Shaw FE. Prevention of falls in older people with dementia. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2007;114(10):1259–1264.
Sise RG, Calvo RY, Spain DA, Weiser TG, Staudenmayer KL. The epidemiology of trauma-related mortality in the United States from 2002 to 2010. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014;76(4):913–919; discussion 920.
Southerland LT, Slattery L, Rosenthal JA, Kegelmeyer D, Kloos A. Are triage questions sufficient to assign fall risk precautions in the ED? Am J Emerg Med. 2017;35(2):329–332.
Sri-On J, Tirrell GP, Kamsom A, Marill KA, Shankar KN, Liu SW. A high-yield fall risk and adverse events screening questions from the Stopping Elderly Accidents, Death, and Injuries (STEADI) guideline for older emergency department fall patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2018;25(10):13413.
Tiedemann A, Lord SR, Sherrington C. The development and validation of a brief performance-based fall risk assessment tool for use in primary care. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010;65(8):896–903.
Tirrell G, Sri-on J, Lipsitz LA, Camargo CA, Jr, Kabrhel C, Liu SW. Evaluation of older adult patients with falls in the emergency department: discordance with national guidelines. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(4):461–467.