Practical Steps for Nonpharmacologic Management of Delirium in High-Risk Patients

Identify high-risk individuals

  • Predisposing risk factors
  • Precipitating risk factors
  • Proper introduction and explanation by staff

Initiate active preventive strategies for high-risk patients

  • Address modifiable risk factors
  • Provide care in an appropriate environment
  • Keep number of staff caring for each individual to a minimum
  • Proper introduction and explanation by ED staff


Tabet N, et al. Age Ageing. 2009;38(4):374–379.


ED, emergency department