De-escalation techniques for agitation behavior e.g. ADEPT tool https://acep.org/adept
Martinez FT, et al. Age Ageing. 2012;41(5):629–634.
Richmond JS, Berlin J, Fishkind A, et al. Verbal De-escalation of the Agitated Patient: Consensus Statement of the American Association for Emergency Psychiatry Project BETA De-escalation Workgroup. West J Emerg Med. 2012;13(1):17-25.
ASAP, as soon as possible
NPI, nonpharmacologic intervention