Nonpharmacological interventions (eg, multidisciplinary interventions, music therapy, bright-light therapy, educational interventions, etc) are alternative interventions that can be used with older adults in the acute care setting.
NPIs remain first-line treatment in management of delirium.
NPIs to prevent or treat delirium are quite diverse, ranging from simple single-component interventions to complex multi-component interventions with varied effectiveness.
In older patients, multicomponent nonpharmacologic interventions as well as some single-components interventions be can effective in preventing delirium
Multicomponent nonpharmacologic interventions significantly reduced the incidence of delirium in surgical and medical wards
There is limited evidence to support the efficacy of multicomponent nonpharmacologic interventions to treat delirium